Friday, July 10, 2009

Vietnamese American Demographics among Asian American Demographics

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The following data being presented as a baseline of Asian American Demographics and in particular, Vietnamese American Demographics in the USA based on 2000 Census. With significant changes during the last 10 years, Vietnamese American Population as well as all other groups of Asian Pacific Islander Americans' population have increased rapidly. There is a true need to make sure that everyone is being counted, and that the communities have fair representation.

Census and Re-districting

Vietnamese American Population by region based on Census 2000

ASIAN AMERICAN DEMOGRAPHICS
All figures are based on Census 2000 Statistics


- For detailed Asian group alone, the US Census 2000 showed the total Asian population in the United States as 10,171,820 accounting for 3.61% of the total US population. For Asian group alone or in combination with other ethnic group the total population stood at 11,859, 446 accounting for 4.21% of the total US population.
However, the Census stats issued in Apr 2004 showed the Asian American population at 13.1 million.

- Asians formed the fastest growing ethnic group in the US with a growth rate of 63.24% from 1990-2000.

- Five Asian groups number 1 million or more people: Chinese, Filipino, Asian Indian, Vietnamese and Korean. Together these five groups made up about 80% of the Asian population.

- Chinese was the largest Asian group making up for 24% of the Asian population followed by Filipino, Asian Indian, Vietnamese and Korean.

- Based on percentage of the US population, the top six Asian groups were Chinese (0.86%), Filipino (0.66%), Asian Indian (0.60%), Vietnamese (0.40%), Korean (0.38%) and Japanese (0.28%) with other Asian groups together forming about 0.38% of the total US population.

- Asian population had proportionally more men and women then the total population in the young adult age group – age 20 to 39 years. This shows a recent trend towards more professionals and specialty occupation workers immigrating to US.

- 68.4% of the Asian population was in the age group of 18-64 years, 23.9% was in the age group of 0-18 years and 7.7% was in the age group of 65 and over.

- 60.2% of all Asians were married compared with 54.4% of the total population.

- About 62% of Asian households were maintained by married couples and the average Asian household had about 3 members.

- Asians showed a wide representation in combination with other races and Asian groups. Among top Asian groups, 91.7% of Vietnamese reported a single ethnicity (not in combination with other races or Asian groups) followed by Asian Indian (88.4%), Korean (87.7%) Chinese (84.6%), Filipino (78.2%) and Japanese (69.3%).

- The US native population for Asians stood at about 31% compared to 89% for the total US population. This constituted for about 69% of all Asians being foreign born.

- More then 3/4th (75.9%) of the Asian population came to United States over the last two decades showing a proportionally higher immigration trend for Asians over the last 20 years.

- Of the 9.5 million Asians aged 5 and over, about 79% spoke a language other then English at home and about 40% spoke English less than “very well”. Among top Asian groups - 93% of Vietnamese, 85% of Chinese and 80% of Koreans and Asian Indians spoke other then English at home. Japanese was the only group with over 50% who spoke English at home.

- Chinese – spoken by 2 million people - leads the top 10 languages, other then English and Spanish, spoken most frequently at home in the United States. It is followed by French (1.6 million), German (1.4 million), Tagalog (1.2 million), Vietnamese (1.0 million), Italian (1.0 million), Korean (0.9 million), Russian (0.7 million), Polish (0.7 million) and Arabic (0.6 million). Among other Asian languages in the top 20 are Japanese (no. 12), Hindi (no. 15), Persian (no. 16), Urdu (no. 17) and Gujarati (no. 18).

- About 44% of all Asians have a Bachelors Degree or higher compared to 24% for the total US population

- 25.3% for Whites, 13.6% for Blacks and 9.9% for Hispanics. Among top Asian groups, Asian Indians lead with about 64% people having a Bachelors Degree or higher, followed by Pakistani (54%)and Chinese (48%).

- About 71% of Asian men and 57% of Asian women aged 16 and over were in the labor force. Among top Asian groups, Asian Indian men had 79% participation in labor force and Filipino women a 65% participation in labor force.

- About 45% of Asians were employed in management, professional and related occupations, compared with 34% of the total population

- 21.4% for Whites, 12.3%for Blacks and 9.6% for Hispanics. Among top Asian groups, Asian Indians had most employment in management, professional and related occupations at 60%, followed by Chinese (52%) and Japanese (51%).

- The median earnings for Asian men ($40,650) and Asian women ($31,049) are higher then the national average for both men and women. Among top Asian groups, Asian Indian men lead with highest median earnings of $51,904 followed by Japanese ($50,876) and Chinese ($44,831). Among women, Japanese lead with highest median earnings of $35,998 followed by Asian Indian ($35,173) and Chinese ($34,869).


- The annual median income of Asian families was $59,324, about $10,000 higher then the national average. Among top Asian groups, Asian Indians and Japanese had annual median incomes of about $71,000 each, about $10,000 more then all other Asian groups.

- The annual median income of Asians at about $59,000 was also the highest of all other ethnic groups. The same was $48,500 for Whites, $36,000 for Hispanics and $33,300 for Blacks.

- In spite of higher median earnings, the poverty rate of Asians at 12.5% was same as the national average. Among top Asian groups - Filipinos, Japanese and Asian Indians had the lowest poverty rates.

- Home ownership was relatively lower for Asians at 53.2% compared to 66.2% as national average. Among top Asian groups – Japanese (60.8%), Filipino (60%) and Chinese (58.4%) had the highest rates of home ownership.

- The median value of single-family homes for Asian households - at $199,300 - more then 50% higher then national median home value. The same was $122,800 for Whites, $80,600 for African Americans and $105,600 for Hispanics.

- Asian householders with a mortgage had median selected monthly costs of $1,540, far above the national median of $1,088 for all householders, $1,094 for Whites, $937 for African Americans, and $1,061 for Hispanics.

- About 50% of Asians live in the West, 20% in the North East, 19% in the South and 12% in the Mid-West. Along with the highest total population, the West also accounted for the highest proportion of Asians at 9.3% compared to 4.4% in the North-East. 2.3% in the South and 2.2% in the Mid-West.

- Asians live in key US States and metropolitan areas; 51% of Asians live in just three States: California, New York and Hawaii; 65% of Asians live in just five States: California, New York, Hawaii, Texas and Illinois; and 75% of Asian live in just ten States: CA, NY, HI, TX, IL, NJ, WA, FL, VA and MA.

- Asians tend to concentrate in urban and coastal areas; 55% of Asians live in just six US Metropolitan Areas: Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco, Honolulu, Washington DC-Baltimore and Chicago. Concentrations of Asians outside the suburbs of large metropolitan areas were typically located near colleges and universities.

- Among the US States, California had the highest number of Asians at 4.2 million followed by New York at 1.2 million and Hawaii at 0.7 million.

- Among the US Counties, Honolulu County had the highest proportion of Asians at 68%; Los Angeles County is the only county with over 1 million Asians.

- Among the largest US Cities, New York had the highest number of Asians (787,047) followed by Los Angeles (369,254), San Jose (240,375), San Francisco (239,565), Honolulu (207,588), San Diego (166,968), Chicago (125,974), Houston (103,694), Fremont (75,165) and Seattle (73,910).

- Among ten largest US cities, San Diego had the largest proportion of Asians at 15% followed by Los Angeles and New York at 11% each. Five other US cities, not among ten largest US cities, had the highest proportion of Asians.

- The top ten US cities of 100,000 or more people with the highest percentage of Asians were: Honolulu HI (67.7%), Daly City CA (53.6%), Fremont CA (39.8%), Sunnyvale CA (34.2%), San Francisco CA (32.6%), Irvine CA (32.3%), Garden Grove CA (32.2%), Santa Clara CA (31.4%), Torrance CA (31.1%) and San Jose CA (28.8%). All ten cities with the highest proportion of Asians were in the west and nine of them were in California.

- About 58% of the 8.1 million Asians age 5 and over changed to a new US residence from 1995-2000. Of these, 39% changed residence within United States and 19% came from abroad. From the 39% who changed residence within United States, 22.8% changed residence within the same County, 8% changed residence to a different County but within the same State and 8.2% changed residence to a different State.

CHINESE AMERICAN DEMOGRAPHICS

- Largest Asian American group with a population of 2,432,585, forming 23.74% of the total Asian American population.

- Top 4 US States with Chinese American population: CA (1,114,000), NY (460,740), TX (120,776) and HI (170,684). These 4 States together constitute about 65% of the Chinese American population with 40% being in CA alone.

- Median Household Income of $41,583. Average Chinese household income is about 30% higher then the national average.

- Chinese immigrant population is 47% of Chinese American population.

- Home ownership rate of 65% compared to 54% for US average. 84% of Chinese Americans between ages 35-44 own a home.

- Average household size of 3.8 people per household compared to 3.2 for US.

- 38% have Bachelors degree or higher compared to 22% for national average.

- The community has a strong referral base and repeat customer presence. They are quality and value conscious.

Internet Usage for Chinese Americans

- 65 percent of Chinese-American Internet users are online everyday, with 97 percent owning a home computer.

- About 60 percent of Chinese households in the US and Canada have an Internet connection at home.

- Nearly 60 percent of Chinese-American Internet users have purchased one or more products/services online within the past year. Books are the most frequent online purchases, followed by computer products and electronics. Telecommunications products are more likely to be purchased by Chinese-Canadian Internet users.

- 58 percent of Chinese Internet users in the United States have investments, and of those, 70 percent trade stocks online at an average of nine trades per month. Forty-two percent of Chinese Internet users in Canada have an investment portfolio, and 51 percent of them trade online with an average of approximately five trades per month.

- Close to one-quarter of Chinese Internet users in both the US and Canada conduct online banking.

- The majority of United States (73 percent) and Canadian (63 percent) Chinese Internet users visit Chinese-language Web sites.

- The vast majority of Chinese Internet users in the United States and Canada make an average of eight international calls a month.

- 77 percent of Chinese Internet users in Canada have at least one cell phone in the household versus 61 percent in the US.

FILIPINO AMERICAN DEMOGRAPHICS

- Second largest Asian American ethnic group with a population of 1,850,314, forming 18.06% of the total Asian American population.

- Top 5 US States with highest number of Filipinos: CA (918,678), HI (170,635), IL (86,298), NJ (85,245 and NY (81,681).

- Annual Estimated Buying Power of $15 billion.

- Annual Median Income of $46,698.

- 62% of households have annual income of over $35,000.

- 39% of those more then 25 years old have a bachelor’s degree or higher.

- 13% median education level.

- 37% are in technical, sales, administrative jobs; 27% in managerial and professional jobs and about 17% are in service jobs.

SOUTH ASIAN (including INDIAN AMERICAN) DEMOGRAPHICS

- South Asians constitute Indians, Pakistanis, Bangladeshis, Nepalis and Sri Lankans.

- Some immigrants from Caribbean, East Africa and Fiji also identify themselves as South Asians.

- About 50% are born in India, 25% in USA, 10% born in other South Asian countries, and the rest come from other countries.

- Asian Indians form the third largest Asian American ethnic group with a total population of 1,678,765, forming 16.38% of the total Asian American population.

- Others countries populations are: Pakistanis (164,628), Bangladeshis (46,905) and Sri Lankans (21,364).

- South Asians form the fastest growing Asian community group in the US from 1990-2000, with a growth rate of 105.9%.

- Asian Indians have the highest annual media income of any US immigrant group, at $40,625.

- 40% of Asian Indians are between the ages of 20 and 40.

- Around 50% of the H1-B work visas each year are occupied by Asian Indians.

- About 26,000 Asian Indians enter the US every year on student visas.

- 90% of Asian Indians live in urban metropolitan areas.

- 55% of motels in the US are owned by Asian Indians.

- 75% of Indian immigrants who work are college graduates.

- 73% of South Asians speak English and at least one other language.

- 83% of South Asian households have nuclear families and 6% have extended families.

- South Asians have a combined disposable income of about $88 billion.

- The estimated annual buying power of South Asians is about $20 billion.

- 50% of online South Asians read a South Asian newspaper, 22% read South Asian magazines on a regular basis.

VIETNAMESE AMERICAN DEMOGRAPHICS

- Fourth largest Asian American ethnic group with a population of 1,122,528, forming 10.95% of the total Asian American population (2000) - By 2006

Growth of Vietnamese Americans (alone) Year Number

1970 N/A

1980 245,025

1990 614,547

2000 1,122,528

2006 (est) 1,475,798

- Top 5 US States with Vietnamese Americans: CA (447,032), TX (134,961), WA (46,149), VA (37,309) and MA (33,962) account for more then 50% of the Vietnamese American population.

- Annual spending power of over $ 12 billion.

- Annual per capita income of $17,192.

- Mean household income of $42,260.

- Home ownership of about 60% in California.

- 54% are under the age of 29 years.

- 39% have a bachelors degree or higher.

KOREAN AMERICAN DEMOGRAPHICS

- Fifth largest Asian American ethnic group with a population of 1,076,872, forming 10.51% of the total Asian American population.

- Average household income of $41,331.

- Estimated spending power of $3.6 billion.

- 35% have bachelors degree or higher.

- 31% are white collar professionals (1990).

JAPANESE AMERICAN DEMOGRAPHICS


- Sixth largest Asian American ethnic group with a population of 796,700, forming 7.77% of the total Asian American population.

- Total Japanese American population declined by 10% from 1990-2000.

- Fewer Japanese have emigrated to the US since 1990-2000 and those already in this country have high rates of inter-racial marriage.

- Annual median income of $40,554.

- 36% have a bachelors degree or higher.

- Japanese were more likely to report one or more other races or Asian groups with 4.8% reporting Japanese with one or more other Asian groups, 21% reporting Japanese with one or more other races and 4.8 reporting in addition or one or more other races and Asian groups.

Populations


Cambodian (183,769)

Laotian (179,103)

Hmong (174,712)

Taiwanese (132,144)

Thai (120,918)

Indonesian (44,186)

Malaysian (15,029)



www.pasadena.edu/faculty/syllabi/dxlee_6570.doc

3 comments:

  1. I have this website its good.It cantains lots of information about work from home
    WORK FROM HOME

    ReplyDelete
  2. thanks for the statistics. i have a page devoted to Vietnam here

    ReplyDelete
  3. Thank you for helping to strengthen the vietnamese community in the US!

    ReplyDelete